Overall cancer death rates continue to decline in men and women for all racial and ethnic groups in the United States, according to the National Cancer Institute's latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer.
Between 2001 and 2018, declines in lung cancer death rates accelerated, and death rates for melanoma declined considerably in more recent years, reflecting a substantial increase in survival for metastatic melanoma.
The annual report is a collaborative effort among the American Cancer Society; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries.
The report shows a decrease in death rates for 11 of the 19 most common cancers among men and for 14 of the 20 most common cancers among women over the most recent period (2014-2018).
Although declining trends in death rates accelerated for lung cancer and melanoma over this period, previous declining trends for colorectal and female breast cancer death rates slowed and those for prostate cancer leveled off.
And death rates increased for a few cancers, like
The report, appearing in JNCI: The Journal of the National Cancer Institute, also finds that overall cancer incidence rates continue to increase among females, children, and adolescents and young adults. All trends in this report cover the period before the COVID-19 pandemic.
Other key findings include:
The authors indicate these findings can help inform health care providers about the need to increase efforts related to cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment, as well as the need for equitable implementation of effective interventions, especially among under-resourced populations.
"Cancer is an extremely complex, individualized disease," said Prescott Deininger, PhD, Tulane Cancer Center Director. "All of these improvements are the result of decades of research into risk factors, early detection, and treatment."
For more about the report, see: https://seer.cancer.gov/report_to_nation/.
For more information on Tulane Cancer Center news and events, please contact: