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Tulane Doctors ~ Heart & Vascular Institute ~ Heart Disease

The term "Heart Disease" covers a variety of diseases of the heart. As of 2007, Heart Disease is the leading cause of death in this country.

The types of Heart Disease include:

  • Coronary Heart Disease - refers to a failure of the coronary circulation to supply adequate blood to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue.
  • Cardiomyopathy – means "heart muscle disease"
  • Cardiovascular Disease - is any of many separate diseases that affect the heart itself and/or the blood vessels, including the cardiac valves, arteriesand veins, leading to and from the heart.
  • Ischemic Heart Disease – any coronary disease that results in decreased blood supply to the heart muscle
  • Heart Failure – (CHF) results from structural or functional cardiac disorders that impair the heart's ability to pump a sufficient amount of blood throughout the body due to abnormal heart function (muscle weaknesses or excessive stiffness)
  • Hypertensive Heart Disease - Hypertensive heart disease is heart disease caused by high blood pressure
  • Inflammatory Heart Disease - involves inflammation of the heart muscle and/or tissues surrounding it
  • Valvular Heart Disease - a disease process that affects one or more of the heart valves
Symptoms

The symptoms of "Heart Disease" can be unlimited. Only a few of the most common are listed here.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations (irregular heart beats, skipped beats)
  • A fast heart beat
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
Causes

The causes of "heart disease" are as varied as the symptoms. For more information, review the online link or speak with your personal health care provider.