The adrenal glands are small glands that sit on top of the kidneys in the retroperitoneum (the deepest part of the abdomen). They are several centimeters in length and each weighs 4-6 grams. The medulla is located in the center of the gland and makes adrenaline and noradrenaline (these hormones are also known as epinephrine and norepinephrine).
Diseases of the adrenal glands usually are caused by either too much or too little of these hormones. Adrenal insufficiency occurs when the adrenal gland is not producing enough hormones; this is also referred to as Addison's disease. The adrenal gland may make too much of any one of these hormones and cause any of the following diseases: Cushing's syndrome (too much cortisol), primary hyperaldosteronism (too much aldosterone), virilizing syndrome (too much androgen), pheochromocytoma (too much adrenaline), or paraganglioma (too much adrenaline).
Surgery may be required to address adrenal disorders. Dr. Kandil specializes in endocrine system surgery, including surgery for adrenal related diseases.
To schedule a consultation with Dr. Kandil please call (504) 988-5451 or by email at TulaneThyroidCenter@tulane.edu.
Some content courtesy of endocrinediseases.org.